Department of Cardiology caters to a huge number of heart disease patients with simple to complex conditions on a daily basis. Such patients often have multiple co-morbid conditions and usually require multidisciplinary patient care. the cardiac patients have the facility of being looked after by the consultants from various disciplines. Likewise, well trained cardiology consultants provide cardiac facilities to patients who are admitted in other medical and surgical disciplines.
All cardiologists study the disorders of the heart, but the study of adult and child heart disorders are through different training pathways. Therefore, an adult cardiologist (often simply called "cardiologist") is inadequately trained to take care of children, and pediatric cardiologists are not trained to take care of adult heart disease. The surgical aspects are not included in cardiology and are in the domain of cardiothoracic surgery. For example, coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), cardiopulmonary bypass and valve replacement are surgical procedures performed by surgeons, not cardiologists. However the insertion of stents and pacemakers is performed by cardiologists